عنوان مقاله [English]
The Economical policies adopted and the decisions made by the assemblies of the first Pahlavi era were the results of the economical crises in Iran during the Qajar era, which in turn affected the activities of the traders and the merchants and consequently these two groups turned against the government. Although the ratifications were proposed and implemented to remove the obstacles on the way of carrying out the economical activities in that era, due to their range of influence and implementation process, they led to the protest and positioning of different groups of the merchants and businessmen. The businessmen’ protests and resistances were increased in this era due to the extreme observations of the authorities which were the results of the bureaucratic structure of the first Pahlavi regime. Therefore, examining the stances adopted by the businessmen of Tabriz while confronting the economical policies proposed by the first Pahlavi government seems very crucial. Investigating the degree of the influence of such stances on the implementation of the economical laws in this area could display the role of the businessmen of Tabriz in the economical activities of this era. Tabriz merchants’ stances against the monopoly of the foreign trade, the laws controlling the foreign trade, the government’s trade policies regarding the entry of the foreign goods, the customs rules as well as the guilds’ positions against the tobacco monopoly, the intestinal monopoly, the abolition of corporate tax law and the census were among the Tabriz businessmen’ approaches to deal with the first Pahlavi regime. Relying on the available documents and resources, this study aimed to investigate the businessmen’ positions against the economical plans of the first Pahlavi regime and portray the kind of the relationship existed between the government and the businessmen in this era.