عنوان مقاله [English]
Ancient Persian historical texts, especially from the sixth century AH onwards, due to their subject matter, and on the other hand, due to the use of elements and methods of literature in these texts, are in a combination of "historiography" and "literature". Among these, poetry, both Persian and Arabic, with two main types of functions, "news" and "array", has a significant presence in these texts, and the closeness of the two types; In the present study, citing finer and more precise classifications of types of poetry applications, the frequency of these types and their reasons in seven historical works of the seventh century, including: Tarikh-e Tabarestan, Tarikh-e Afzal, Egd al-ola, Tarikh-e Jahangosha, Mokhtasar-e Saljuknam, Tabaghat-e Naseri, and Nezam al-tavarikh, which belong to three types of historiography, "general", "local" and "dynastic", have been studied by descriptive-analytical. The results of the research show that the function of poetry in these works is more literary and array than narrative and news. One of the reasons for this is that the authors of these works belong to the Divan class and try as hard as they can to turn their works into works of art in accordance with the aesthetic criteria of the time. Among the three types of historiography, the volume and frequency of poetry use, regardless of its functions, is much more significant in both local and lineage types compared to general histories.