The Position of Superstition and Anti-Superstition in Iran’s Political Thought with an Emphasis on the Qajar Era

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشگاه تهران

2 دکتری دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شهر رضا

3 دانشیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان

4 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران

چکیده

During Qajar era, superstition and anti-superstition have had great impact on Iran's political thought. Superstitious context as an irrational process and major obstacle to the growth of political thought in Iran, exhorted the society towards subjectivist and reductionist approach. Rational intellectuals, on the other hand, endeavored to erode superstitious trends for pushing the society towards rationality and development. This article with a qualitative historical and analytical methodology and through collecting the library data tries to answer the question that "how superstitious culture had influenced the political thought of Iran during the Qajar period?" The hypothesis of the research is that the culture of superstition and irrationality through subjectivism and reductionism influenced the political thought of Iran during Qajar era, which in its turn led to the "intellectual despotism" and consequently to the "political tyranny". Based on the Giddens conception of the interaction between structure and agency, the article concludes that the contextual factors notably the superstitious culture led to the despotic mindset of Iranian rulers during Qajar period.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Position of Superstition and Anti-Superstition in Iran’s Political Thought with an Emphasis on the Qajar Era

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Dehshiri 1
  • Fariba Masoudi 2
  • Mahmoud Ketabi 3
  • Ali Akbar Amini 4
1 Professor of Political Science, School of International Relations, Tehran
2 PhD in Political Science, Islamic Azad University of Shahreza
3 Associate Professor Islamic Azad University of Isfahan
4 Assistant Professor Islamic Azad University of Central Tehran
چکیده [English]

During Qajar era, superstition and anti-superstition have had great impact on Iran's political thought. Superstitious context as an irrational process and major obstacle to the growth of political thought in Iran, exhorted the society towards subjectivist and reductionist approach. Rational intellectuals, on the other hand, endeavored to erode superstitious trends for pushing the society towards rationality and development. This article with a qualitative historical and analytical methodology and through collecting the library data tries to answer the question that "how superstitious culture had influenced the political thought of Iran during the Qajar period?" The hypothesis of the research is that the culture of superstition and irrationality through subjectivism and reductionism influenced the political thought of Iran during Qajar era, which in its turn led to the "intellectual despotism" and consequently to the "political tyranny". Based on the Giddens conception of the interaction between structure and agency, the article concludes that the contextual factors notably the superstitious culture led to the despotic mindset of Iranian rulers during Qajar period.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Political Thought
  • Superstition
  • rationality
  • Development
  • Qajar Era
  • Iran
 
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