عنوان مقاله [English]
Public Opinion, which is a literal translation of the English Public Opinion, is an ancient phenomenon, but its terminology and subsequent scientific study occurred in modern times and in the old days it was not common and desired scientifically today but the reality of public opinion, regardless of what name we put on it Because it is based on the popular existence of the people, it has always existed in Iranian society. The historical notion of pre-modern authoritarian regimes is that the people did not have any status or importance as the basis for forming public opinion, and therefore the government made no effort to enrich public opinion. The question that arises here is what was the action of the Safavid government in the face of these conditions? The present study intends to study and study the approach and performance of the Safavid government in order to monitor and control the centers of formation of public opinion, based on the descriptive-analytical method and relying on library resources. ndings show that the Safavid government as a pre-modern authoritarian government during its rule, while paying attention to the public opinion of its society, has sought to control and monitor the centers and centers of formation and orientation of public opinion. Put yourself. Some places of gathering, such as mosques, pre-existing squares, and coffee shops, which were considered an emerging phenomenon, were directly and indirectly controlled and supervised by Some institutions, such as schools, have used it to spread and strengthen their ideology.